Chart s induce a lot of planning, careful review of relevant procedures and you need to be prepared before starting to follow a specific route. Setting correctly the tacan frequencies, the instrument mode or the navigation system may take some time which is very precious when you need to scan the instrument to fly in the blind with a very high level of precision. Add to that the fact that when you really need it, the weather conditions might be very bad or it might be at night with a very high wind situation and thus great drift and you will realize that the sooner you set your airplane and the sooner your review the procedure and clear any unknown aspects for instance the DME ARC initial lead and final numbers of radials will greatly help you getting safely on the ground.
It has been redrawn from a satellite view in the 3D world, so it corresponds perfectly to Falcon. Although once again, depending on the version of F4 you will use, some objects may change building missing or other ones placed. The important thing is that the airport and its layout are always the same. The purpose of this chart is pretty obvious, it allows the pilot to taxi to any place on the airbase according to ATC instructions or multiplayer procedures of each squadron.
Only two large figures are painted on the runway pavement, there is no room for three.
So it was decided to give the orientation with the two first number of the runway heading. Of course the precise orientation might be slightly different, such as it is the case in our example. The actual heading of the runway is always given along the runway edge, in full, with a black arrow. See picture on the right Except for the specific remade airbases, the runway lengths in Falcon are standards.
The length of usable runway is given alongside the runway on the charts. The taxiways are labelled from A to F or more whenever necessary. That will allow a multiplayer pilot to state is position very easily for other members of its flight. You may also have noticed, the charts always share the same colour codes. The runway and objects such as buildings and installations are always black. Tower is always a star symbol. Taxiways are always grey, ground is white and water is blue. The magnetic North is always pictured by a black arrow — for obvious reasons, I choose not to illustrate the magnetic variation.
Thus on those charts, you may find a north arrow pointing toward the side. Most indications on the airport templates are self explanatory. I will explain the charts header later on Taxiways are labelled by capital letters starting with A. On the ground, you see those labels on yellow signs — so use them to taxi correctly. In falcon, only the taxiways crossing to a runway are labelled.
The ones parallel to the runways are not labelled - which of course is a serious breach of safety. I decided to call these according to their main direction from the centre of the airbase.
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So you may find taxiway North, South, East and West. With this information, any taxi route should be clearly stated.
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Mil Ramp: was initially designating the spot where the player would enter the 3D world but was abandoned in the process. Each runway end has its elevation in feet given in a square box. In Falcon , it will not change because the entire airbase stands on the same tile with a fixed altitude.
But in real life, you may have variations from one end to the other, telling the pilot if the runway course will climb or descend. Sometime, a warning or a caution or a notice box will also be displayed on the airport charts warning the pilots of any event that may be a concern to flight safety. I admit; some of those boxes might just be eye candy and not really appropriate for the Falcon world. Still do read them, some might be important. There are actually 27 different layouts some of which are not used at all. All the others are generic airbases categorized according to their runway headings.
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So it is not uncommon to see two airports almost identical. If you are interested in airbase layout and tiles, I wrote a document quite a long time ago about that. The approach charts are clearly what makes these charts worthy. The purpose of the approach charts is to ensure that the pilot can land on the assigned runway whatever the meteorological conditions are.
As a fighter pilot with modern systems needs to be able to hit his assigned target in bad weather, he thus needs to find his way back and land safely in the same kind of weather. As the names imply, VFR is flown with the head outside of the cockpit looking for visual landmarks and IFR is flown with the head inside the cockpit, looking at the flight instruments and navigation charts.
Each approach plate is subdivided in five different zones — as pictured on the following page: 1. Titles orange 2. Header red 3.
Side view or profile view of the approach to see the altitude throughout the approach track yellow 5. Minima: A window giving information about the minimum altitude according to the type of approach. This is the standard overhead recovery. Once again, there are many more approach types in real life such as NDB, VOR approaches, GPS approaches, radar controlled approaches, … But the charts mainly cover the four type mentioned above.
Falcon 4 Navigation Charts Tutorial | Ebook and Manual
Titles The titles actually are made of the top and bottom section. Here Balkan, but most are made for Korea. Then it clearly states the type of approach, here an ILS , the runway the approach refers to here rwy 03 and the name of the airbase: Aviano AB which is in Italy. The second Aviano actually state the city because sometime the name of the airport might be different than the city close-by.
Header: The header section gives the pilot plenty of information relevant to the airbase and approach. The headers are always similar, even for a different approach types. The top left section gives the airbase Tacan channel and band. Although this information is not really useful when shooting an ILS approach, it is nevertheless required because most of the navigating before intercepting the ILS will be made using the tacan as the main radionavigation station.
The third section gives the ILS frequency. Bear in mind that not all runway have their own ILS approach. In some cases, it may not be suitable to place an ILS approach because of the terrain glideslope too steep, … Falcon 4 Navigation charts Tutorial. If the runway is not visible, the pilot needs to go around and start the approach all over again.
We the say the runway is below minimum. Notice that the indicated altitude given by your altimeter in the F cockpit gives you the altitude MSL. But you always have the Radar altitude box in your hud giving you your height above the ground. We will talk back later about the minima when covering this section later on. The next box is the GPS coordinates of the airbase.
No big deal since the one given on the charts are the ones used to navigate to the airbase by punching them into the STPT page of the UFC.
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Please note that BMS requires to add a zero in the last position as it needs three decimal. The ELEV box gives the elevation in feet of the airport above mean sea level. Kimpo stands at 96 feet above see level. It means that sitting on the ground, the altimeter should read 96 feet, if calibrated properly with the local altimeter setting.
The long window is the Missed approach procedure. In case of a go around, the pilot needs to follow this route back to the IAF Initial Approach Fix unless otherwise instructed, which of course in Falcon never happens. A pilot may decide to go around at any moment along the approach but he has to go around if he has not the runway in sight at the minimum altitude. When going around, the pilot declares missed approach on the radio frequency and start flying the correct route — The ATC expects no less from you.
It gives a topside view of a circle of fixed radius centred on the relevant tacan with safe altitude MSL according to quadrants limited by arrival headings. Basically, it means that we have high terrain at least ft on the northern sector and high terrain at least ft high on the western sector. Pilots should stay at or above MSA when arriving to an airbase unless they are on approach track which of course will go lower while remaining safe because clear of known obstructions.
In the Falcon charts, the radius of the circle will always be 25 Nautical miles. An empty circle with only the tacan in the centre and only one altitude means that the MSA is valid all around the airbase for the fixed radius. Tacan approaches charts have a different header since some information such as ILS are not required.
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Note that the corresponding heading is given as well. The main view is also called the airport plan view and illustrates the airport and its surroundings with the approach track when viewed from topside. A lot of information is given to the pilot on this view. The most obvious one is the approach track pictured in black and finishing with an arrow pointing at the airbase. You also see the runway, correctly oriented and the tacan — properly placed from the runway.
The missed approach track is always pictured as a black discontinued line finishing by an arrow. Relevant radial are dark grey as well as holding tracks and restricted or prohibited no fly zone are in light grey. In various shades of brown you will find the elevated terrain, the darker brown the most elevated the terrain is.
Summits are pictured by a black dot with the elevation in feet MSL.